Louisiana Purchase to America’s westward expansion. How did the United States handle the problem presented by the indigenous people as the population moved westward?
The vast westward territory known as the Louisiana Purchase held a large number of indigenous peoples, such as the Spanish, the French and especially the Native American Indian. Immigration by white Americans into this territory increased by huge numbers following the purchase in 1803, mainly due to the ideology known as “Manifest Destiny.” By far, American settlers were the largest group but many French-speaking refugees, which included whites, freed blacks and slaves, migrated to the territory. As a result of this ethnic diversity, the culture of the Louisiana territory became very mixed and the boundaries were not clearly set.
At the time of the Louisiana Purchase, the U.S. government quickly discovered that a sense of stability must be established within the territory. This was done in two distinct ways — first, the cultural question was addressed with the creation of a governmental body and judicial system based on American political ideals which would replace the existing French and Spanish systems. Congress then established a legislative council for the entire territory which President Thomas Jefferson insisted must be made up of a majority of American citizens. Second, President Jefferson devised and initiated the Lewis and Clark Expedition which was to fully explore the territory bound by the Mississippi River on the eastern side and the Pacific Ocean on the west.
As a result of the Lewis and Clark Expedition and the efforts of the U.S.
A government to introduce new governmental policies and systems, a great majority of Louisiana residents, mostly Spanish and French, became very upset with the thought of their old systems being dismantled. President Jefferson’s views on this situation were, to say the least, quite predictable. Stephen Oates mentions that Jefferson was certain that most of the population was American Indian and African-American and that “from the start of the debate (Jefferson) thought only whites could govern the territory.” This was further complicated by the U.S. government’s decision to displace a huge number of the Indian Nations in the Southeast and old Northwest to other portions of the territory which in essence would place these groups in totally foreign environments and set into motion the turmoil which was to follow in later years. This also upset traditional cultural systems and forced the native peoples to unite and defend the common elements associated with their heritage.
On March 26, 1804, the U.S. Congress created the ruling government for the territory of the Louisiana Purchase. President Jefferson expressed his concerns by relating that he wished to have American laws instituted in the territory through introducing a body of American leaders who would control the new government and enact legislation to create specific laws. Yet the indigenous residents of the territory saw this as a failure on the President’s part, mostly due to the embargo placed on the admission of slaves into the new territory and the decision by Congress to fully restrict the creation of laws and statutes by the local peoples.
The geographical boundaries of the Louisiana Purchase also influenced the displacement of many native peoples. The Lewis and Clark Expedition not only opened up the newly-acquired territory but also affected the areas of the Pacific Northwest. This gave white American settlers a free hand in developing and controlling vast areas of land already occupied by Native American Indians. This act of “Manifest Destiny” greatly expanded the American republic and brought about much historical change and economic development through the introduction of railroads, canals, roads and the creation of a national market system via the proliferation of family farming in the newly-opened territories.
QUESTION # 2: What were the important consequences of the early Industrial Revolution in the United States prior to the Civil War?
The consequences of the Industrial Revolution on pre-Civil War America were both widespread and highly influential. In the 1820’s and 1830’s, the United States became the global leader in mechanical and mass production as a result of manufacturers adopting labor-saving techniques that allowed the workers to produce more goods at much lower costs. The most important inventor during this time was Eli Whitney, the originator of the cotton gin which allowed the production of cotton to soar to new heights. Whitney was also greatly responsible for the advanced production techniques for muskets through his machines that allowed musket parts to be made interchangeable.
Other American industries quickly adopted Whitney’s manufacturing techniques, for as early as 1800 clock makers began to use interchangeable parts while makers of sewing machines used mass production techniques as early as 1846. This led to the mass production of many other mechanical devices, especially those designed for farming, such as reapers and automatic balers.
Innovation, however, was not confined to manufacturing, for during the years following the War of 1812, American agriculture was greatly transformed with far-reaching consequences similar to those achieved in manufacturing. During the latter years of the 18th century, a vast majority of farmers were self-sufficient — they raised their own food, made their own clothes and built their own furniture from whatever was at hand. Since most farmers were literally cut off from distant markets, they could only sell or barter a few choice items, such as whiskey, corn and hogs for other necessary items like salt and metal goods. Also, most farm work, except for plowing, was done by hand, due to the lack of mechanized machinery.
But by the beginning of the 19th century, agriculture began to take on a brand-new meaning, for many farmers saw the potential in growing larger crops as surplus or even by specializing in certain cash crops, such as cotton and tobacco, which could be sold at market for high profits. The increasing demand for cotton by the textile mills of Great Britain furthered the need for machinery and brought about a huge demand for new inventions. Eli Whitney’s cotton gin created the ability to harvest and produce great quantities of cotton which inevitably led to the rise of the American South as a major exporter of many other cash crops, such as sugar, rice, linen flax and especially hemp for rope fiber, clothing and numerous other dry goods. In the regions of the Northeast, the explosive growth of cities and towns centered around mills created an enormous demand for hogs, cattle, sheep, corn, wheat, wool, butter, milk, cheese, fruits and vegetables and fodder to feed horses, the primary mode of transportation up until the expansion of the railroads into all areas of the country.
As a result of all this growth, the demand for improved machines led to the development of factories and industrial centers. For the farmers, this meant a shortage of skilled workers which forced them to adopt labor-saving machines. In 1803, prior to the introduction of the cradle scythe, a farmer was only able to harvest about half an acre each day. But with the introduction of the horse rake in 1820, a single farmer could perform the work of an entire group of men. In 1836, the mechanical thresher, a machine designed to separate the wheat from the chaff, aided in cutting man hours in half in order to produce an acre of wheat.
By 1830, the Industrial Revolution had influenced every aspect of American society. Factory production made the manufacture of household items, such as shoes, clothing, textiles and farm implements, by hand obsolete. The massive growth of cities like Chicago, New York City and St. Louis introduced new forms of technology to all Americans. The rapid introduction of railroads which spanned all regions east of the Mississippi River allowed goods and machines to be transported to many distant towns and villages. The railroads were also directly linked to the rise of factories that produced iron and steel which could be used for making a wide variety of products, not to mention the architectural uses in buildings, bridges and train locomotives. Of course, many forms of weaponry could also be produced, such as rifles, cannon and other artillery which would eventually be utilized in the Civil War.
Stephen Oates. Portrait of America. Vol. 1: to 1877. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1999.
Mary Beth Norton. A People and A Nation: A History of the United States. Vol. A: to 1877. 5th ed. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1999.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more