Opponent to Gay Marriage offer Illusory Arguments
The book The Invisible Gorilla: How Our Intuitions Deceive Us by Chabris and Simons truly makes a strong case for how six different types of illusions (or beliefs) truly disserve the human population. The six common illusions that the book discusses are the illusion of memory, the illusion of confidence, the illusion of knowledge, the illusion of cause and the illusion of potential. Chabris and Simon argue that one can see these illusions at work in a range of human interactions and current events. Sometimes these illusions demonstrate the fallibility of the human mind; sometimes they just demonstrate the need of human beings to impose meaning or order upon things or events which lack both.
A current issue that demonstrates several of the six illusions that Chabris and Simons discuss is the debate over gay marriage. Those who oppose gay marriage often demonstrate an argument which is full of illusory and shoddy ideas. For example, one of the main arguments against gay marriage is that allowing homosexuals to marry will destroy the institution of marriage. This demonstrates the illusion of cause. “The illusion of cause arises when we see patterns in randomness, and we are most likely to see patterns when we think we understand what is causing them” (Chabris & Simons, p.155). The work of Stanley Kurtz tried to prove that allowing same-sex marriage in Denmark, Norway and Sweden decreased the rate of heterosexual marriage in these countries. Now, it’s important to note that the work was discredited; however, it is a shining example of how people can shoddily attempt to create a sense of cause for a series of random and unconnected events. Another illusion of cause that is often brought to the front of the gay marriage debate by those who oppose it is that children are impacted in a negative manner by being raised by lesbian or gay parents. Opponents use things like juvenile delinquency, juvenile offenders, and school drop-out rates as “evidence” for the damage of gay parenthood, but there has absolutely been no evidence of children being negatively impacted by being raised by gay parents. One could also argue that this viewpoint showcases the illusion of knowledge. Those who oppose gay marriage pretend to have knowledge about a phenomenon (dysfunctional children) and how they’re created, when really, they just know that some households raise dysfunctional children, without knowing how or why this happens. This is akin to the example that Chabris and Simons offer about financial markets: as human beings we have a range of information about how they work and what is currently going on with them at the present moment. This gives the illusion that they’re predictable or that we know what they’re going to do next, when in reality we don’t.
Another illusion that the gay marriage debate has swirled around that manifests the illusion of cause is the argument that if same-sex marriage is legalized, it will ultimately lead to polygamy. This argument, aside from lacking any real rationale, demonstrates how those who oppose gay marriage have no understanding of how a polygamist society would evolve or how polygamy works. It also demonstrates the illusion of knowledge, because it fails to understand that if the country was truly worried about polygamy becoming the norm, legislation could then be passed banning and illegalizing polygamy. Thus, this argument demonstrates a formidable lack of understanding or illusion of knowledge of the United States legal system.
Another illusion that those who oppose gay marriage assert is that legalizing gay marriage would require schools to teach tolerance. This demonstrates an illusion of knowledge because those who support this argument faultily seem to believe that teaching tolerance is something that is not essential to a public school education or that it’s not something that our young people could benefit from. This argument showcase an extremely lack of understanding of how the world works. America has had a rich history, but also one characterized by bloodshed as a result of intolerance: teaching our youngest members of society how to better tolerate and appreciate one another is something we definitely need more of. “America is the great “melting pot,” a rich blend of cultural traditions from all over the world. Many American families can trace their histories to immigrant ancestors who traveled great distances, enduring risk and hardship, to make a home where they would be guaranteed basic freedoms. And for many American families these freedoms came with a struggle. Their parents and grandparents were denied the basic rights we value. American society was founded on freedom from religious persecution and on tolerance of differences in beliefs and cultural heritage. The differences (or diversity) that come from people from all over the world enrich our culture, bringing new ideas and energy” (Kidshealth.org). This quote truly demonstrates how the foundations that this nation was built upon valued tolerance, and valued a place where different people with different needs and different preferences could be free and safe. Surely, as a society this is something we can apply to our gay members as well.
Other arguments against gay marriage show the same illusions of knowledge and cause. For example, take another argument against gay marriage which uses children as a reason for why gay marriage should not occur and why it’s corrosive to our society. “More children living in gay homes means more children living lives absent a relationship with at least one biological parent. One needn’t deny the existence of many wonderful gay or adoptive parents to acknowledge that this will result in some emotional pain and confusion” (Forman, 2011). This argument clearly makes an assumption based on things which the author knows nothing about. It’s clearly assumption, based not on research or experience, but based on an idea of “knowledge” and an illusory one at that. Furthermore, this same author offers up yet another illusory idea about gay marriage by saying “Federal Judge Vaughn Walker’s ruling in August on California’s Proposition 8 – that “gender no longer forms an essential part of marriage” – confirmed the view that marriage is foremost about sexual choice, not reproduction. Think there are too few marriageable males now?” (Forman, 2011). The absurdity of this argument seems to propose that gay marriage should not be allowed so that women can have a more ample supply of men to marry from, even if some of those men are actually gay. This argument is founded on a shoddy understanding of marriage and human relationships, exhibiting extreme chasms in knowledge and both cause.
Thus, while most educated, tolerant people support gay marriage, there’s an influx of people who are guided by their fault intuitions and beliefs which are ultimately founded on hunches and ideas that all exhibit the same skewed logic. The most overwhelming illusions in these beliefs are the “illusion of knowledge” and the “illusion of cause” which all point to a lack of understanding of how the world works as well as a lack of understanding of human behavior.
Chabris, C., & Simons, D. (2009). The invisible gorilla: And other ways our intuitions deceive us. New York: Random House.
Forman, S. (2011, June 23). Five arguments against gay marriage: Society must brace for corrosive change. Retrieved from:http://www.nydailynews.com/opinion/arguments-
Kidshealth.org. (n.d.). Teaching your child tolerance. Retrieved from http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/talk/tolerance.html
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more