What is Cyberbullying?
Cyberbullying is described as “â€¦an individual or group willfully using information and communication involving electronic technologies to facilitate deliberate and repeated harassment or threatâ€¦” to another person (or persons) by texting, emailing, and posting on social media sites (like Facebook) mean-spirited, cruel, and often untrue messages (including images) (Dilmac, 2009, 1307). Cyberbullying is “pervasive” in North America but cyberbullying incidents have been reported worldwide, so it is not unique to any particular region, Dilmac explains (1308). And while cyberbullying differs from traditional bullying — often the perpetrator is anonymous in cyberbullying while traditional bullies are well-known at school or in the workplace — the results of this nefarious activity are similarly hurtful and embarrassing, Dilmac continues (1309).
How does cyberbullying affect females and males?
About four in ten teenagers report they have experienced cyberbullying in the past year and more females (51%) than males (37%) have been bullied through digital technologies (National Crime Prevention Council). For all victims of cyberbullying (like traditional bullying), they have been known to suffer from critical health and psychological problems, Dilmac explains (1310). Some individuals that have been repeatedly attacked have been diagnosed with “â€¦depression, emotional distress, low self-esteem, and poor academic achievement” (Dilmac, 1310).
As to girls and cyberbullying, a peer-reviewed article in the journal Pastoral Care in Education explains that the “emotional damage of aggression is most dramatic for girls” (Catanzaro, 2011, 84). In most instances, boys engage in “physical forms of bullying” like slapping, kicking or punching; but girls “â€¦characteristically will harm another girl” by exploiting a friendship in some way through digital media. Girls are more likely to suffer from a “â€¦traumatic loss of self-esteem” than boys are when cyberbullying takes place (Catanzaro, 85). While boys’ number one requirement for popularity and presence in a school environment is “athletic ability” and “macho-masculinity,” for girls it is “â€¦first looks, then clothes then socioeconomic status,” Catanzaro continues (86).
Meanwhile, unlike boys, girls who bully don’t necessarily suffer from “â€¦disruptive behavior problems that characterize aggressive children” early in life. Typically girls are “socially competent” individuals who know how to use “power” to “emotionally distress another girl” and to plot through digital media ways to “â€¦damage another girl’s relationships” (Catanzaro, 84).
Female cyberbullying entails attempting to “â€¦injure another girl’s social standing” by excluding the victims from social activities, or “â€¦stealing friends or boyfriends,” or otherwise retaliating against another girl for a “perceived fault” (Catanzaro, 84). The motivations that drive girls to harass other girls through cyberbullying boil down to: a) “competition over ideals of beauty and female perfection”; b) “misplaced anger about mistreatment at school”; c) sexual harassment; d) “jealousies over boys”; and e) a “desire for power” that is intended to achieve popularity and respect in school (Catanzaro, 86).
Boys tend to show very little “compassion” for their victims when they cyberbully, Catanzaro points out (86); boys have a “more positive view of violence than most” and boys who bully are generally individuals who have a problem dealing with their anger. Boy bullies are not known to “â€¦orient to the perspective of others in pursing their self-interests” but girls do indeed “â€¦develop in a context of affiliation, a connection with others” (Catanzaro, 87). Boys are not as devastated when they are shunned or pushed away from a certain clique, but shunning a girl through cyberbullying “â€¦is deeply hurtful because it denies the interaction that they value most” (Catanzaro, 87).
Social media is a prime tool that can be — and is — used by a bully. When a girl exposes her likes and dislikes on Facebook, for example, “â€¦she may not be aware that how she presents herself to others will have an impact on her vulnerability to victimization” (Catanzaro, 92). The author asserts that girls are more easily addicted to social media like Facebook, and hence, the “live-feed format” of Facebook makes it “â€¦difficult for girls to curtail their online behavior” (and hence the more they are on Facebook the more they become vulnerable to cyberbullying) (92).
The National Crime Prevention Council (NCPC) addresses cyberbullying
The NCPC says its mission is to become “â€¦the nation’s leader in helping people keep themselves, their families, and their communities safe from crime” (NCPC). The NCPC: a) produces publications and programs for communities and schools; b) offers training for teachers, parents, administrators and others; c) produces nationally posted public service announcements (PSAs) (using “McGruff the Crime Dog”); and d) conducts national PSA contests for best messages designed to impact young people (NCPC).
The NCPC appears to be making a positive influence nationwide because PSAs produced by NCPC are playing on cable television networks and elsewhere. Producing messages (whether the Crime Dog is used or not) that are placed on media (including social media on the Internet) that urges young people to block communications with cyberbullies and to report cyberbullying to authorities is a positive thing, and while it may not stop cyberbullying, it is designed to empower and protect those victims of cyberbullying. Any campaign to deter cyberbullying faces enormous challenges because, as the NCPC explains, “eight out of ten teens” use the Internet daily in some fashion. And among those 8 out of 10 there will always be a few troubled teens, angry teens, teens looking for revenge who aren’t bodily strong enough to go face-to-face and physically bully someone.
In conclusion, the ultimate answer to deterring cyberbullying will always be elusive for the reasons mentioned in the sentence preceding this sentence. But school districts (and school boards) should sponsor training sessions for teachers, parents, counselors and administrators; in these sessions the participants must learn how to coax students to come forward when they have been cyberbullied. Also teachers especially must spend time on a weekly basis pointing out how to block communication from unwanted sources and those who bully in cyberspace must be punished in a way that makes a pronounced impact on that person. Suspension from school is a good starting point, to show other bullies that the school will not tolerate cyberbullying.
Catanzaro, Mary F. “Indirect aggression, bullying and female teen victimization: a literature review. Pastoral Care in Education, 29.2 (2011): 83-101.
Dilmac, Bulent. “Psychological Needs as a Predictor of Cyber Bullying: a Preliminary Report on College Students.” Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 9.3 (2009): 1307-1325.
National Crime Prevention Council. “How are Teens Cyberbullied?” Retrieved March 26, 2013,
From http://www.ncpc.org/cyberbullying. 2009.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more